Mahavir Swami Janma Kalyanak 2024 Amazing day, Muhurt, Learn Jainism

Mahavir Swami Janma Kalyanak a significant Jain festival. Mahavir jayanti celebrates the birth of Lord Mahavir. a revered Tirthankara in Jainism. Let’s know some crucial facts about Mahavir Swami janma kalyanak.

Let me tell you Lord Mahavir born a prince in Vaishali. He chose to abandon becomes life at the age of 30. He achieves enlightenment. 

His teachings emphasizes non-violence (Ahimsa), truthfulness (Satya). And other principles that continue to inspire people today. 

On Mahavir Swami Janma Kalyanak day, Jain communities observe Mahavir Jayanti. Remembering greatness and immortal thoughts of lord Mahavir.

Mahavir Swami Janma Kalyanak day

Mahavir Swami Janma thithi

Mahavir Jayanti falls on the trayodashi Tithi of Shukla Paksha of Chaitra Maas. Which is the third or fourth month of the Hindu panchang. In 2024, Mahavir Jayanti is observes on Sunday, 21 April 2024.

Mahavir Swami Janma Muhurt

TithiDate and timing
Trayodashi Tithi Begins10:41 pm on 20April 2024
Abhijit muhurt11:38 am to 12:28 pm on 21 April 2024
Trayodashi Tithi Ends01:11 am on 22 April 2024

Mahavir Swami Janma Kalyanak, also known as Mahavir Jayanti. It is the most important religious festival for Jains. It celebrates the birth of Mahavir Swami. 

He 24th and last Tirthankar of Jain sage of the present time cycle. Let’s know about Mahavir Swami janma kalyanak celebration:

Mahavir Swami Janma Significance

The day marks the birth of Mahavir Swami. Who was born into royalty. But renounced his worldly possessions to pursue spiritual awakening. He is knowing for establishing core Jain tenets.

Mahavir Swami Janma Celebrations

Jains observe this day with prayers, fasting, and acts of charity. Temples are decorates, and processions are helds in honor of Lord Mahavir. Devotees also engage in Samayika. 

A meditative practice, to reflect on the teachings of Lord Mahavir. The festival is observes with great reverence. It’s a time for the Jain community to reaffirm.

Reciting hymns or Jain prayers on that day. The idols of the Gods are give a ceremonial bath. Which we call Abhishek.

Their commitment to the path of virtue as shown by Mahavir Swami. Usually, a procession is take out with the idol of Lord Mahavir on Mahavir Swami Janma. Which is calling Rath Yatra. Let’s know information about lord mahavir.

Information About Lord Mahavir

Mahavir Swami Janma Kalyanak
Lord Mahavir Swami

Mahavir was born in Kundgram in 540 BC. Kundgram comes under Vajji kingdom. It was the world’s first democratic organize empire. Which is the modern Vaishali place in Bihar.

Mahavir’s father’s name is King Siddhartha and mother is Licchavi princess Queen Trishala. Ever since Lord Mahavir was born. 

From then onwards the king’s wealth, happiness and bravery starting increasing a lot. That is why the king names his son Vardhaman. Which means “that which grows”.

You must be aware that Mahavir came from the Ikshvaku dynasty. Let me tell you that he left worldly life at the age of 30. He gave up all the material comforts of royal grandeur.

Mahavir Swami attained ‘Kaivalya‘ or omniscience at the age of 42. Lord Mahavir, is 24th and last Tirthankara (spiritual teacher) in Jainism. Let’s know some key facts about Lord Mahavir.

Birth: He was born around 599 BCE in Kundalpur, Naya, Vajji (present-day Nalanda Bihar, India) into a royal family.

Renunciation: At about the age of 30, he renounced all worldly possessions. He left home in pursuit of spiritual awakening, becoming an ascetic.

Enlightenment: After practicing intense meditation and severe austerities for twelve and a half years. He attained Kevala Jnana (omniscience).

Teachings: Mahavir taught the observance of the vows of ahimsa (non-violence), satya (truth), asteya (non-stealing). And brahmacharya (chastity), aparigraha (non-attachment) as necessary for spiritual liberation.

Philosophy: He preached the principles of Anekantavada (many-sided reality), Syadvada, and Nayavada.

Legacy: His teachings were compiles by his chief disciple, Indrabhuti Gautama. He as the Jain Agamas. Although the texts were transmitters and are believes to have lost by about the 1st century CE. His teachings continue to inspire millions.

Demise: Mahavir attained Moksha (liberation) around 527 BCE at Pawapuri. In  Magadha (present-day Nalanda district, Bihar, India). It’s near modern Rajgir in Bihar.

Lord Mahavir’s life and teachings emphasize the importance of non-violence. And truth in the pursuit of spiritual liberation.

His birthday is celebrates as Mahavir Swami Janma Kalyanak. His attainment of nirvana is observes by Jains as Diwali.

What is Tirthankar

Tirthankara is a spiritual teacher in Jainism.

Who have attaine enlightenment through their penance. And have completely conquere your senses and emotions.

One who has attaining mere knowledge (omniscience). Be beyonds the cycle of birth and death. We call him Tirthankara.

The literal meaning of the word ‘Tirthankar’ is ‘Ford-maker’. It represents such a person. One who has conquere inner passions and desires. Has creator a path for others to walk towards moksha (liberation).

In Jain cosmology, there are 24 Tirthankars. In each half of the cosmic time cycle. They are considering supreme preachers of dharma (righteous path). 

They organize the Sangha. a fourfolds order of male and female monastics and laypersons. Their teachings form the basis for the Jain canons.

The first Tirthankar of the present cosmic age was Rishabhanatha Swami. The last was Mahavira Swami. the 24th Tirthankar, whose life and teachings are central to Jainism today. Let’s go learn Jainism.

Learn Jainism

Mahavir Swami Janma Kalyanak
Lord Mahavir. Image credit: needpix

Nowadays it is the era of technology. People are making their lives better with technology. They get all the facilities through technology. But happiness and peace are not found.

I am telling you clear that adopting technology is not a bad thing. If you leave them. Then you will be lefting behind the times.

But where will you find happiness, peace and joy from? So if there is anything to learn in this world. So its name is Jainism. 

Let me tell you that in Jainism, killing green vegetables, small insects, ants, all these is consider ‘violence’. Let us learn Jainism.

Jainism, also known as Jain Dharma. It is an ancient Indian religion that teaches a path to spiritual purity. And enlightenment through disciplined nonviolence (ahimsa) to all living creatures. 

णमो अरहंताणं, णमो सिद्धाण, णमो आयरियाण । णमो उवझायाणं, णमो लोय सव्व साहूणं II

(Jainopasana mantra)

It’s a transtheistic religion. It meaning it doesn’t focus on the worship of gods. But rather on the individual’s soul’s journey towards liberation.

The religion traces its spiritual ideas and history through a succession of 24 tirthankaras. It supreme preachers of Dharma. The three main pillars of Jainism are:

  • Ahimsa (Non-violence): This principle goes beyond physical non-violence. And extends to non-violence in thoughts and words.
  • Anekantavada (Non-absolutism): It acknowledges the complexity of reality. And encourages viewing it from multiples perspectives.
  • Aparigraha (Non-possessiveness): This encourages detachment from material and emotional possessions.

Jain monks and nuns take five main vows:

  • Non-violence (Ahimsa)
  • Truth (Satya), 
  • Not stealing (Asteya), 
  • Chastity (Brahmacharya), and 
  • Non-attachment (Aparigraha).

These principles have significant influenced Jain culture. It leading to a predominan lacto-vegetarian lifestyle among its followers.

Jainism has two major ancient sub-traditions. It is Digambaras and Svetambaras. Which hold different views on ascetic practices, gender, and texts considered canonical. Both sub-traditions have mendicants supported by laypersons.

Today, Jainism is practices by several million people, main in India. But with growing communities in other parts of the world due to migration. 

Major festivals in Jainism include Paryushana, Das Lakshana. Including Mahavir Swami Janma Kalyanak, and Diwali.

Learn Jainism involves understanding its core principles, history, and practices. Here are some resources and methods to help you get started:

  • Online Courses

There are dedication websites offering structured courses on Jainism. For example, an innovative curriculum or [Jainism World] for graphical videos on Jain theories and history.

  • Books and Literature

Reading texts like the Agamas and commentaries by Jain scholars. It can provide deep insights into Jain philosophy and ethics.

  • Community Involvement

Engaging with a local Jain community or temple can offer practical experience and knowledge. It through rituals, festivals, and discussions.

  • Academic Research

Universities and online platforms provide academic papers and articles on Jainism. This can be a way to understand the religion from a scholar perspective.

  • Online Articles and Guides

Websites like the BBC’s religion section offer a concise overview of Jainism at a glance (Jainism at a glance)

  • Meditation and Reflection

Practicing Jain meditation techniques such as Samayika. It can help in personal understanding of Jain principles.

Let me tell you, learning a religion is not about acquiring knowledge. It’s also about understanding and possible integrating its values and practices into your life.

Conclusion: Mahavir Swami Janma Kalyanak

Conclusion: We learners a lot in Mahavir Swami Janma Kalyanak. Nowadays there is an atmosphere of war everywhere in the world. In this era, Mahavir Swami Janma Kalyanak teaches us the path of non-violence for ourselves. We should Learn Jainism.

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Feature image credit: hotpot.ai

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